DETECTORS & ALARMS
A Fire Indicator Panel (FIP) is probably best described as the ‘brains’ of a fire detection and alarm system. A fire indicator panel comprises control and indicating equipment (c.i.e) that combined together form an integrated system. These core components comprise;
The first electric fire alarm and detection system was patented in 1890 by Francis Robbins Upton (U.S. Patent no. 436,961 1) although the significant advances were not available until the mid to late 1960?s. Today there are essentially two types of fire indicator panel; Collective (commonly known as conventional) and Addressable (sometimes known as Analogue Addressable or Intelligent).
Smoke detectors are one of those amazing inventions that, because of mass production, cost practically nothing. You can get a smoke detector for as little as 499 Rs. And while they cost very little, smoke detectors save thousands of lives each year. In fact,it is recommended that every home have one smoke detector per floor. All smoke detectors consist of two basic parts: a sensor to sense the smoke and a very loud electronic horn to wake people up. Smoke detectors can run off of a 9-volt battery or 120-volt house current.